예약금없는출장샵
  • 익산창동역 마사지
  • 구미출장안마
  • 군산출장샵
  • 음성안마방 촬영
  • 익산출장맛사지↦24시출장샵▬익산사가정 안마방(익산하남 안마방)◑(익산호텔 출장)τ익산안마방 레베카☻익산부산 안마방 추천ο익산해운대 마사지▐익산오피 투샷✓익산의정부 모텔 가격

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    원주출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    익산출장맛사지╎24시출장샵✗익산사가정 안마방(익산헬로우 드림)⇀(익산타이마사지 섹스)✿익산해운대 출장✡익산퇴폐 마사지☆익산공주 안마방↝익산생리통 완화 마사지●익산부산 모텔

    The governments of more than 190 nations 청양홈케어 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    익산출장맛사지⇈출장부르는법↷익산사가정 안마방(익산속초 마사지)╤(익산남성 전용 마사지)╢익산봉천 안마방◇익산오피스 방╦익산의정부 대딸방✘익산검단 안마방☎익산안마방 물다이 몰카

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    익산출장맛사지☣예약╯익산사가정 안마방(익산마사지 하드)┎(익산일산 안마방)▶익산오창 마사지メ익산거제도 안마방┲익산강서구 안마방↖익산건대 안마방▣익산일본식 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 온라인카지노 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    익산출장맛사지✗24시출장샵⇢익산사가정 안마방(익산안마방 투샷)◎(익산신천 안마방)•익산부부 마사지↞익산안마방 코스╧익산안마방 레베카▶익산후불제 출장샵┡익산출장샵후기

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 음성출장몸매최고 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    익산출장맛사지╫예약금없는출장샵⇗익산사가정 안마방(익산전주 마사지 클럽)⇡(익산태국 에스코트 비용)┗익산하마사키 마오 마사지❁익산마사지 영어╝익산야동 마사지ⓞ익산거제도 모텔 추천リ익산여수 마사지

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 카지노사이트 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    익산출장맛사지익산장기동 안마방

  • 안동부산 해운대 안마방
  • 익산손 마사지
  • 익산출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    익산출장맛사지☆예약금없는출장샵⇈익산사가정 안마방(익산안마방 오피)☳(익산이반 마사지)コ익산김해 출장 마사지▌익산송탄 안마방♕익산마사지 자격증■익산광명 안마방┚익산서울 출장

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 해남역곡 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, jasonboy.xyz . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    대구출장샵
    파주양산 젤리 마사지 전주출장샵 고성마사지 토렌
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 대전출장샵 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    익산출장맛사지▦예약금없는출장샵♩익산사가정 안마방(익산저주파 마사지)❤(익산유선 마사지)┚익산남친 마사지┸익산안마방 애무┷익산로미 로미 마사지 란♥익산구로디지털단지 마사지↗익산셀프 어깨 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 진해사우나 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    익산출장맛사지⇃24시출장샵➷익산사가정 안마방(익산중국 마사지 종류)╣(익산서울대 안마방)➢익산화성시 안마방✉익산안마방 단속➢익산안마방 2:1♤익산안마방 대딸⇟익산미약 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 온라인카지노 .

    안산대구 사우나 마사지
    목포철구 마사지 카지노사이트 군산출장 오피
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    익산출장맛사지コ예약⇏익산사가정 안마방(익산동탄 마사지)⇛(익산앙헬레스 마사지)☁익산세종시 안마방◦익산유흥인 토렌트╠ 익산면목동 안마방▥익산천안 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ❈익산안마방 리뷰

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 광주출장안마 .

    익산출장맛사지◊예약금없는출장샵☈익산사가정 안마방(익산호치민 1군 마사지)╣(익산대전 마사지 추천)ⓔ익산출장미인아가씨ω익산대만 안마방▧익산영주 마사지↔익산송도 안마방タ익산필승 안마방

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 온라인카지노 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 영광세부 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    익산출장맛사지↤예약η익산사가정 안마방(익산대전 모텔 추천)◙(익산여자 마사지)↨익산중국전통마사지↼익산목포 여관╗익산전효성 마사지ル익산연수동 안마방ム익산안마방 중독

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    익산출장맛사지►예약☈익산사가정 안마방(익산삼성역 마사지)﹃(익산다낭 호텔 마사지)⊙익산이수역 마사지⇚익산향남 안마방↡익산동대구 모텔▬익산남자 전립선 마사지♟익산쥬니공주 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 강원도대전 모텔 다방 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The mycamp.xyz , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 서울출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 고창타이 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 원주출장샵 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    익산출장맛사지◑예약ε익산사가정 안마방(익산평택 모텔 가격)┵(익산마사지 간판 구분)☻익산김해 출장 샵♂익산출장 마사지 썰⇎익산동출장마사지♪ 익산목동 마사지┯익산대전 안마방 후기

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 목포출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 창원출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 부산출장샵 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    익산출장맛사지⇎출장부르는법➸익산사가정 안마방(익산안마방 영업시간)♯(익산콧대 높이는 마사지)◇익산공항신도시 마사지░익산콜걸▧익산19금 마사지▥익산안마방 수원➷익산안산 고잔동 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    군산출장 모텔
    대전출장샵 시흥미약 마사지 바카라사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    익산출장맛사지➸예약금없는출장샵«익산사가정 안마방(익산fc2 안마방)⇜(익산부산대 안마방)☪익산몰카 안마방┠익산안마방 젤♞익산종아리 마사지 기계◥익산포항 북구 안마방┌익산고딩 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.익산출장맛사지익산안동 마사지☞익산안마방 가격┥(익산스즈하라 에미리 마사지)익산철구 마사지┞익산충주 마사지☲익산광대 축소 마사지⊙익산울산 마사지↙진주출장샵예약익산필리핀 마사지①익산av 마사지 추천☺<익산홈케어 마사지>익산안마방 무료야동✖익산안마방 무한샷⇙익산양산 젤리 마사지↼익산안마방 정보⇂익산출장맛사지함양외국인 안마방익산편두통 마사지♨익산마사지 커뮤니티ケ(익산카톡 조건)익산서혜부 마사지➚익산마사지 porn✯익산남성 왁싱η익산성인마사지┨익산가슴 마사지♣익산대구 아로마 마사지━[익산안마방 대기]익산안마방 썰┭익산구글 재펜☈익산홍대 마사지▌익산구리 마사지▪익산강남 안마방 가격ト익산출장외국인☏『익산안마방 누드』익산안마방 텀블♣익산수원 태국 마사지➴익산전주 터미널 모텔⇉익산조건☰익산피로회복을 위한 건강 마사지⊙익산일본 마사지 토렌트ⓞ(익산필리핀 안마방)익산fc2 오일 마사지ο익산수안보 마사지↥익산경산 사우나 마사지⇘익산세종시 마사지»예약군산상추 안마방예약익산섹시 마사지☷익산태국 마사지 가격♪ ‹익산프리마호텔 마사지›익산안마방 초이스 토렌트♩익산모란 안마방⇞익산안마방 엉덩이┲익산태국 여행 마사지✐익산출장맛사지익산출장맛사지qdomain.xyz익산아가씨 썰익산상무지구 마사지익산체코 마사지익산성균관대역 마사지익산출장맛사지익산불알 마사지◎익산출장 만남 대행✌﹝익산조건 카톡﹞익산한국 마사지 야동┰익산방이동 마사지↮익산여성 마사지↖익산안마방 에이즈╔아산광주 모텔

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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